Fishing for beginners is all about learning the basics and going out there and fishing.
Fishing is a process of presenting bait, whether artificial or alive, to the fish and trying to make the fish take the bait.
This article will give information on some of the better species of fish that beginners can catch. The tactics and tackles to catch fish will depend on the species as it can change drastically. As you gain experience, you will know what type of fishing you enjoy, and you can dig deeper into specific fishing philosophies and strategies.
Your Basic Fishing Gear
To make your life easier in the fishing game, you need to have certain pieces of types of equipment that are necessary. The pieces of equipment can range from very affordable to very high-end products, and you get what you pay for.
The gear will vary depending on the fishing type and fish species. This section will provide the different models of each piece of gear for fishing a wider variety of fish species. The following are the essential pieces:
Rods come labeled by the power they have and the type of action. They vary in length from as long as 15 feet to short as 5 feet. Power refers to the amount of pressure it takes for the rod to bend and the action is where the rod flexes.
These two features results to some rods which are very sensitive and others handling large, powerful fish. There are many affordable options for beginner rods that can deal with different species of fish in a variety of water conditions.
Along with the rod, the reel will allow you to cast the bait. It is also responsible for retrieving the line and bait, hopefully with a fish on end. For a beginner angle, there are three types of reels; spin cast reel and a spinning reel.
The line is the link between you and the fish. Before you can get line, you need to have an idea of the size of fish you are going to catch. This is because lines come in different pound tests to cope with varying degrees of pressure exerted on them before they can break.
If you are not sure about the size of fish, 10-15 pound test cover most fish without breaking the line sensitivity. For a beginner angler, Monofilament line is suitable. It is cheaper and is made from a single strand of material. It is also able to stretch; therefore, you can handle big fish without breaking.
The size of the fish you intend to catch will determine the size of the hook to buy. If you have huge hooks and want to catch panfish such as bluegill, they are not going to get their mouths around it.
This is what you will be using to entice the fish and hook the securely to reel them in. The most popular is the natural bait and also the most recommended when fishing for beginners. The live bait you use should be something that the fish you want to catch would normally eat. Worms and crickets are used in rivers or lakes while shrimp or small crabs are used off the coast.
Some lures imitate a source of food for particular fish species while others look like something that the fish will want to eat buts do not resemble anything. The most popular type of lures includes spoons, spinners, poppers, soft jigs and crankbaits.
Tackle Bag or Box
This is a great gear where you can store all your lines, hooks, lures and sinkers in a central place and organized.
This will make removing lures and hooks from the fish much easier and reduce the amount of time the fish is out of the water if you are planning on releasing it back.
You should select a fishing net suitable for the size of fish you are going to catch.
How to Start Fishing
Get Legal With a License
Before you can go fishing, be sure to be legal and get a fishing license. Other things to consider are tackle restrictions catch limit and seasons.
Practice, Practice, Practice!
Trying to catch fish at the same time trying to learn how to cast will make you frustrated and disappointed. Practice casting first so that you can be more familiar with your gear to be confident with casting the real thing.
Tying knots is very important for fishing. Tying strong knots and quickly will give you more time for fishing and reduce the time for messing with gear. Some knots used for fishing are; Surgeon’s, Improved Clinch and Hangman’s knots.
Fishing Tips for Beginners
What to Fish?
The best fish for beginners to catch include; bass, panfish, catfish and trout
Where are the Fish?
There are natural structures in water that cover fish. Overhanging trees, weed beds, boulder formations, and logs are good places to find fish in lakes or rivers. For a water body with fast moving current, look for seams, where a slower current is next to a faster current. Deeper pools are also great places.
What Time to Fish?
The best time to fish will depend on season and water temperature. Early morning, evening hours and night fishing fits warmer months. In colder weathers, midday will offer great fish activity, and more shallow flats are good places to find fish. Also, mud bottoms retain more heat and can give you a better chance of hooking a fish.
What Lure to Use?
Use local knowledge to know exactly what the fish are eating and where the feeding in the water is taking place. This way you can know what lure to use.
How Long to fish?
If you want to relax with friends and family, it is easy to find a good spot for fishing, but if you are serious about catching fish, you should not cast out at the same spot for ten minutes.
Fishing for beginners can be frustrating and hard to get into the first time, but if you give it time, it can be very fun and rewarding. There are always ways you can improve your fishing techniques. Play around with lure types, retrieval speeds and specialized casts. Hopefully, you will find fishing an enjoyable sport as you go along this journey.